Saturday, 24 November 2012


Sermon No 1
The Nazareth Manifesto
Luke 4:18-19
            Gospel of Luke is the gospel to the universe. His purpose was to give a historical account. .Which would show Theophilus that what he had already learned about Christianity? Lukan material very shortly speaks the birth narrative of Jesus. He gave more importance to the birth narrative of the John the Baptist. He is trying to express the historicity of the origin birth of Jesus. The focus of physician Luke has to express Jesus has the universal savior not only for the Jews but also for the Gentiles. So that we can say, Gospel of Luke is the gospel of the universe, no class or subjugation and discrimination.
Immediate Context of the Passage
            Jesus’ Galilean ministry began about a year after Jesus’ baptism and temptation. Comparatively Luke gave more emphasis to his Galilean ministry than other gospel writers. In Lukan, consumption emphasizes “the power of the spirit” in Jesus’ ministry resulting in his subsequent frame.
            Luke Chapter 4 verses 18-19 speak the holistic mission of Jesus. This is otherwise known as the Nazareth manifesto. The prophecy of Isaiah 61:1-2 describes the deliverance of Israel from exile in Babylon in terms of the year of Jubilee. However, its ultimate fulfillment awaited the coming of the Messianic age.
A.    He has anointed me
In his claim Jesus express, He has been an anointed person by God for a special purpose. In God’s mission includes restoration, redemption, liberation, adoption etc.In earthly ministry of Jesus controlled by the spirit of God. Proclamation of Gospel to the poor is ongoing process until the end of the world. In last commandment of Jesus’ He said to his disciples you should receive the spirit and preach the gospel till the end of the universe that means the anointment is the key factor which proclaim the kingdom of God. Anciently kings, prophets, and the high priest were set apart to their work by anointing with oil (I king 19:15-16, Exo 29:7, I Sam 9:16). This oil or ointment was made of various substances, and it was for bidden to imitate it. Hence, those who were set apart to the work of God as king, prophet, or priest, were called the lord’s anointed. Hence, the son of God is called “Messiah” a Hebrew word signifying the “anointed” or the “Christ” a Greek signifying the same thing.

B.To preach the Gospel to the poor
 The English word “Gospel” is derived from the two words. “God” or “good” and “spell” by the “poor” are meant all those who are destitute of comforts of this life and who therefore may be readily disposed to seek treasures in heaven all those who are sensible of their sins, or are poor in spirit and all the “miserable” and afflicted. The Pharisees and Sadducees despised the poor; ancient philosophers neglected them but the Gospel seeks to bless them to give comfort where it is feeling to be need and where it will be receive with gratitude.

C.To Heal the broken hearted
  Jesus boldly claims tom is the promised Messiah, and his defined ministry here becomes ongoing essence of the good news of the Gospel of the Kingdom of God. In the message Kingdom of God includes the healing of the broken hearted. The whole version of the Jesus mission highlights the deliverance from the sin, mental, spiritual, and physical illness. The queering of this illness is the external expression of Jesus’ Kingdom. Jesus is not a magician or a wizard. He is anointed one who is to the broken hearts. That means the actual process of gospel indented to develop the whole personality of a human being.

D.Prclaime liberty to the captives (Lk: 4:18b)
            Exile or captivity is come from the rule of Satan. Here is Jesus’ ministry he breaks the satanic bondage in many occasions, some of the physical illness has been caused by these sorts of evil spirits. The whole vision of Gospel highlights Jesus the liberator. He is the breaking force of oppression and bondage.
            In this passage, Isaiah proclaimed the acceptable year of the lord. That is the year of jubilee.

E. To set at liberty them that is bruised.
         The word “bruised” here evidently has the same “General” significance as “broken hearted” or the contrite. It means those who are “pressed down” by great calamity, or whose hearts are “pressed” or bruised by the consciousness of sin. To set them “at liberty” is the same as to free them from this pressure, or give them consolation.

F.To preaches the acceptable year of the Lord.
            “The acceptable year” means the time was it would be acceptable to God to proclaim such a message or agreeable to him to what under the gospel. The acceptable year-plainly alluding to the year of Jubilee, when all both debtors and servants were set free.
Relevance Of the passage
            We are living in a post modernist society. Most of our preachers interpreting Gospel in this own way. Through this passage, Jesus speaks the expectation of Gospel, the audience, results and methods that we are in the expansion of the Kingdom of God. God denies oppression and subjugation. Human rights violation is increased our society.

Jonah: 1:1-2
            Prophets are the spokes persons of the YAHWEH. They are standing for God in the midst of God and man. They are conveying God’s justice without any hindrance. The book of Jonah is the history of Jonah the prophet, who preached against Nineveh. He is an appointed person who speaks against the wickedness of the people if Nineveh the great sinful city.
Mission of Jonah
1.      Preaching against the wickedness of the city
Jonah is identified as the northern Israelite prophet of the early eighth century B.C. Nineveh was the capital city of the Assyrian empires. The Assyrian empire was a world Empire for about 300 years (900-607). It began its rise to world power about the time of the division of the Hebrew Kingdom at the close of Solomon’s reign of gradually the northern Kingdom of Israel. Thus, Jonah is called by God to prolong the life of the enemy nation, which was already in the process of exterminating his own nation. No wonder he fled in the opposite directorate in patriotic dread of a brutal and relentless military machine, which was closing in on God’s people.
             Arise go to Nineveh that great city and cry against it for thus wickedness is come up before me.
2.      Prophet run away from God’s appointment
                 Jonah did not like to preach the Israel’s alit army Assyria because of their wickedness and brutality. He feared the Assyrians so he plans to flee to Tarsi’s. He rose up to flee unto Tarsi’s from the presence of the lord, and went down to Joppa and he found a ship going to tarsi’s. Therefore, he paid the fare thereof and went down into it. To go with them unto tarsi is from the presence of the Lord. He considered that God was peculiarly resident in Judea and. If he got out from the land would most probably appoint another prophet to carry the message, for Jonah appears to have considered the enterprises as difficult and dangerous. In addition, there are for wished to avoid it.
3.      The prophet return to God’s Mission
Queue cannot run away from God (Ps: 139:7-12) Jonah learned through own expressive. Jonah learned the will of God a second time this remind us that the will of God is not failed or destroyed, if we do not initially respond to his discipline. Jonah obeyed the God’s command and he went to Nineveh.
4.      People turn to God
    Jonah proclaims his message in 40 days Nineveh will be overthrown. Amazingly, the people believed The Message and they fast and pray. The king also prays and commands the whole city to call on God in the hopes that God would relent and with draw his Anger. The Nineties repentance was genuine.
Roll of a prophet
            Prophets are livingly appointed ideals in every time especially 8th century prophets are the guiding force of Israel in every sense. They are standing against the sin of people. In this exegetical study, the prophet Jonah has been appointed to preach against the wicked city Nineveh. He has been trying to reject in appointment and his mission. However, YAHAWAH used the prophet in his own way through the crisis. He faces a lot from God’s appointment. The end is more fruitful but for this, the prophet faced painful things in his life. We are the ministers of God, God expect a faithful mission throughout in our lives. No question is there we must obey the word of YAHAWAH. He will do his ambition and will no question no criticism.

The Exodus and the Mission
Exodus 3:7-10
            The book of exodus explains the salvation history of Israel; a heavenly appointed man named Moses. Book of Exodus is a historical articulation of 216 years. It begins from Jacobs a patriarch of Israel. The central figure of this broke is the Godly appointed man named Moses. God is the God of History, he has been controlled the history in every time. Through this book, the Holy Spirit emphasizes the growth of Israel, bondage of Pharaoh the king, in the midst of this passage God appointed Moses for the fulfillment of God’s pattern of redemption.
“Exegetical study”
1.      I have seen the affliction of my people In Egypt
“I have seen,” I am saying are the most important usage in Jesus’ conversation in his earthly life. In gospel of John, he used many times, “I am”, No one has able to use this sorts of had usage. Than Jesus in his introductory speech YWAH speaks to Moses, I am that I am. I am the God of Israel; I am the God of your patriarch not only in Abraham but also to the father of Isaac and Jacob. The carnal idea of I am saying emphasizes the existence of YAHWEH in every realm in every time everywhere. (Past, present, future) God is beyond the time and tense.

2.      My People
The salvation history of Israel begins from God of Abraham from Mesopotamia. In a sense the salvation history of humanity begins from the form which of Israel and Jesus. Here is the Usage my people highlights the attachment of God to Israel. God’s attitude to the neighboring countries is not good. In prophetical language countries, they are gentiles. They are not able to recognize the promise of God and not to receive the permission. That is only God’s people of God.
3.      I have come down “to deliver”
    The reason of this bondage focuses the sinful nature of Israel most of the occasions they are experiencing the providence care and concern of YAHWEH. They are murmuring, sinned against God. For every sin, we have punishment that came in to the life of Israel. God’s punishment expects the return from sin. In certain occasions, he came personally or through an appointed redeemer. In Israel, salvation history Moses is taking the responsibility of a redeemer. In Human salvation history, Jesus is the redeemer, he appointed person of YAHWEH.

4.      Land flowing with milk and honey
    This usage emphasizes the forcibility of promise land of canan. God’s permission is not limited within the framework of human calculation and consumptions. He gives fruitful fertility multiplication oriented.
Missiological Evaluation of Exodus event
            Moses is the redeemer of Israel. YAHWEH is the creator God and controlling force of history. He has not ready to tolerate the bondage of Egypt in every time He will respond.
            In New Testament theology, the incarnate of Jesus is the typical incident of human salvation history. He is the redeemer God. Through his crucifixion, God raveled His love to the humanity.
            We care the ministries of the N.T. We will stand for the redemption of follow human being, The God given authenticity and appointment is the intentional queue. That means we are the ambassadors of thy kingdom and work for the kingdom of god. The ultimate focus of our mission is to the expansions of the kingdom of God

Romans: 1:14-16
             Many Christian thinkers have found that Romans is the Key to understand the rest of the Bible. This broke was written by Apostle Paul. He wrote this letter from Corinth; the eastern harbor city. The letter was written at the close of Paul’s third missionary journey. AS the capital of the fourth world empire Rome was the largest and most important city in this world at that time. It was located on the left bank of the river Tiber. The polytheistic Roman religion was fallen to the context of both the cultured and uncultured class of the city. The deakey of Roman polytheism gave ready entrance to the ethical monotheism proclaimed by the Jews.
                        The Christian faith is announced in the city mainly through.
      1). the visitors from Roman: Acts 2:10
      2). other believers migrated to Roam through since the years Pentecost.
Exegetical Study
1.      I am debtor.
God says of Paul. He owes them his life, his person, in virtue of the grace bestowed upon him, and of the office which. He has received. Paul had no transaction with the Romans that made him their debtor; but his transaction was with Jesus Christ. The possession of the Gospel makes one debtor to all who have not heard.
Greek and to the Barbarians was the Greek division of all Man kind
            The Greek were cultured, educated and civilized. The Barbarians were those whom we label Pagan and heathen. Actually, it is a false division, but it encompasses all humankind and was understood by Romans.
Wise, and to the unwise
            They are the intellectual distinction he made between those of the human race. The wise includes the intelligentsia, sophisticates and all intellectual snobs. The unwise literally means, “Fools”. The Gospel is for all intellectual levels.
            Paul actually say’s my side is ready to you that are at Rome also is limited to the church at Rome and does not refer to the population.
Having completed this section, let us list the seven reasons why Paul wanted to visit Rome.
1.      The will of God V.10
2.      Longing to see the saints V.11
3.      Impart a spiritual gift V.11
4.      Both Paul and Romans mutually comforted V.2
5.      Have some fruit in Rome V.13
6.      Pay a debt V.14
7.      Ready to pay debt V.15
I am not ashamed
            The negative is used in the Greek for emphasis. He actually glories in the gospel through it condemns operates and presents a humiliated and crucified savior. These two verses were Paul’s answer to any who thought he lacked confidence in the gospel at Rome.
            These are there “I am’s” of Paul in this session that set forth the three missions of Paul
1.      “I am a debtor” admission V.14
2.      “ I am ready” remission V.15
3.      “I am not ashamed” submission V.16
Of Christ is not in the better manuscripts and should be omitted. The emphasis here is here is upon the gospel. What it does and not upon its origin.
For it is the “Power of God”
            We get over word dynamite from the Greek word “dunamis’ means power. This dunamis is the ultimate in power. This is the claim Paul makes for the gospel
            Unto salvation is the end and effect of the gospel. The Greek word “soterian” simply means deliverance, but the whole bible uses it to include everything from justification to glorification. It is both an act and a process. It is equally true.
1.      I have been saved.
2.      I am being saved and
3.      I shall be saved.

That believed
             It is universal in scope but limited to those who believe, here is both election and free will. The only method of proclaims salvation is by faith.
To the Jew first, and also to the Greek
            Does not imply that the Jew has top priority to the gospel today but rather that chronologically he had access to it first. Jew and Greek is the religious distinction that Paul, makes of the human race. Greek here means all gentiles.
            We have an appointed from redeemed God. There is no need of marginalization; oppression; subjection and classification. For gospel no class; cast, creed, divergences like Apostle Paul we are able to preach the Gospel until the end of the earth. In short, Pauline word “debtor” is the responsibility to preach Jesus to the gentiles and to the Jews

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