Both lands were dominated by at least one major river. The land of Canaan depended mightily on the Jordan River. The map of Mesopotamia shows how civilization sprang up along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The patriarch Abraham was called from the city of Ur, located in southern Mesopotamia. The map of ancient Mesopotamia is dotted with cities along the southern parts. It was here the Sumerians established their sophisticated and advanced civilization around 3000 B.C.
At the coast of the Mediterranean, the Fertile Crescent heads southward. Running along the eastern Mediterranean coast, the Fertile Crescent pierces a narrow strip of land caught in the struggle between mountains/highlands to the east, and the Great Sea to the west.
Ancient Mesopotamian MapsAt the southern end of the map of ancient Mesopotamia the ancient kingdom of Sumeria can be found. Theancient Sumerians were the first civilization recorded in history.
The Land of the Patriarchs