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Ancient Israel tradition has it that Noah , along with the sons of Noah and their families, settled on the lower slopes of the northern side of Mount Ararat. Noah lived for 350 years after the flood, dying as the 3rd oldest man in the Bible at 950 years.
Ham - son of NoahIt is interesting to note that immediately after Noah passes out naked, the Bible introduces Ham as the father of Ca'naan (v. 22).
For when Noah comes to, and discovers what Ham did, it is Ca'naan, the son of Ham, that Noah curses, not Ham!
Ham's heart of rebellion had been exposed. Not only was it rebellion against his father's authority, but ultimately it was rebellion against God and His authority.
Consequently, Ham will become a servant of the other two sons of Noah.
This attitude of resentment in Ham would one day expose itself, not only in Ham, but also in Ham's descendants.
As a father, Noah could not directly curse his son. Instead, he curses Ca'naan, his grandson, Ham's son.
Genesis 9:25 reads:
"And he said, Cursed be Ca'naan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren."
This curse, though pronounced on Ca'naan, was a Hamitic curse, aimed at Ham and all of his descendants, not only Ca'naan.
The sons of Ham are Cush, Mizraim, Phut, and Ca'naan, and it is from this line that will be subject to the other sons of Noah and their descendants.
This curse will eventually create much tension between the descendants of the sons of Noah.
Cush - son of Ham (Ethiopians, Arabians, Babylonians)
Cush, in the Bible, is the same as "Ethiopia". The people of Cush first moved southward, into Arabia. From Arabia they crossed the Red Sea into modern day Ethiopia.
The most memorable of Cush's sons was Nimrod , chief architect of the Tower of Babel. Nimrod chose to settle down in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley.
Nimrod founded his kingdom in Babel, where he attempted to erect a tower to the heavens.
It was Nimrod who built such cities as Babel (Babylon), Erech, or Uruk, the legendary home of Gilgamesh, Accad, the future namesake of the Akkadian Empire, closely tied with the Sumerian Empire , and Nineveh, made famous centuries later by the prophet Jonah.
Mizraim - son of Ham - Egyptians, Philistines
Mizraim is the ancestor of the Egyptians. In scripture, Mizraim is also used to identify Egypt. Psalm 105:23 calls Egypt "the land of Ham".
Some scholars take this to indicate that Ham accompanied Mizraim in the initial settlement of the Nile Valley. The word "Mizraim" is plural. Some suggest that this was just a form of Mizraim's name.
The exact form of his name is not known, however, some writers and scholars claim that perhaps the founder of Egypt's first dynasty, Menes, was in fact Mizraim.
Other sons of Mizraim are listed as the names of peoples, evident by the plural -im ending.
Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, were well known and important tribes around Egypt during the time of writing.
The last sons of Mizraim listed, Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim, are very interesting.
From Caphtorim came the Philistim.
The Pathrusim lived in Pathros, or Upper Egypt.
The Casluhim are unknown.
The Caphtorim are twice associated with the Philistines in the Bible, in Amos 9:7 and Jeremiah 47:4.
The Philistines are generally said to have migrated from the island of Crete. Caphtor is identified in secular writings as Crete.
These three sons of Mizraim kept their families together, eventually ending up on or near Crete.
From Crete they eventually crossed the Mediterranean, landing on the eastern shore of Can'nann, settling into the land known in Biblical times as Philistia.
Of the descendant's from the sons of Noah, few have had the impact and influence on Ancient Israel as the Philistines have.
One of the most famous of all bible stories involves a young David facing off against a giant named Goliath, who happened to be a Philistine from Gath in Philistia.
Phut - son of Ham - Libyans, SabeansPhut is the same as Libya when mentioned in the Bible. The region of Libya applied to Northwest Africa, west of Egypt.
Ca'naan - youngest son of Ham - Ancestor of the Canannite Tribes
Ca'nann plays a very prominent part in the history of Israel. It was Ca'naan who received the Noahic curse aimed at Ham, the youngest of the sons of Noah.
It would be Ca'naan who would become the father of the Holy Land, the backdrop against which the drama of Israel would unfold.
From Ca'naan came eleven sons, the eldest being Sidon. Sidon found the city Sidon, and was the progenitor of the Phoenicians.
From Heth came the Hittites (Gen. 23:10), who ruled over an empire in Asia Minor for over 800 years.
Hittites are very active throughout the entire Old Testament. They were present in Canaan at the time of Abraham , reaching their zenith sometime later in Asia Minor, yet were still a force during the reign of Solomon 1,000 years later (II Chronicles 1:17).
Eventually their empire crumbled, and there is evidence that some of the Hittite people fled eastward.
Cuneiform monuments record the name "Khittae", and this may have been modified to Cathay.
Archaeologists have noted many similarities between the Hittites and the Mongoloids.
The rest of Ca'naan's sons listed were the originators of the peoples that would populate and inhabit the Holy Land throughout the Bible.
The Jebusites descended from a man named Jebus, who is described in the Bible as the King of Jerusalem, attesting to the antiquity of that great city.
The Amorites are continually referred to in the Bible, and in fact are one of the more prominent tribes, as they are often used to refer to all the Canaanite Tribes collectively.
The Girgasites are listed frequently, but their location is not yet found.
Evidence of The Hivites have been found spread from Sidon to Jerusalem.In Syria , traces of The Arkites have been discovered around Tell-Arka.
The Arvadites were centered in Arvad, a port city of the Phoenicians.
Six miles south of Arvad, in modern day Sumra, The Zemarites lived.
The Hamathites are associated with Hamath, a very well known Syrian city.
The Sinites are an interesting tribe. There is tenuous evidence that they may be the ancestors of the Chinese.
Possibly the Sinites migrated east all the way to China. Of the descendants of Ham, Sin and Heth are the two most probable ancestors of the Oriental people.
Ca'naan's descendants, according to scripture, "spread abroad" (Gen. 10:18). Of the lines descending from the sons of Noah, these peoples migrated perhaps more than any other.
The contributions made by the descendants of Ham, the youngest of the sons of Noah, are staggering. They were the first explorers. They became the first cultivators of the basic food groups.
They discovered and invented medicines, and surgical practices. They were the firs to develop fabrics, and the devices used to sew these fabrics.
They were the inventors of mathematics, surveying, and navigation.
Thus, the following is an attempt at a comprehensive list of the descendants of Ham, the youngest of the three listed sons of Noah:
Japheth - son of Noah
Germany and her peoples
Denmark and her peoples
Georgia and her peoples
Russian and the Russian peoples
India and her peoples (founded by the Aryans)
Shem - son of Noah
Assyrians (with Ham)
Arameans (a.k.a. Syrians)